Why Are There 2 Versions Of The 10 Commandments?

Did Moses carve the Ten Commandments?

According to the Old Testament, God revealed the 10 Commandments, carved on two stone slabs, to Moses on Mount Sinai..

Are Exodus 17 and Numbers 20 the same story?

Numbers 20 eliminates the anthropomorphism of Exod 17:6 which has YHWH standing before Moses (Propp 1988:24). Added to that, the kerygmatic function of the narrative in Exodus is to proclaim the presence of YHWH, whereas in Numbers it has to do with leadership roles (Burden 1994:55,76).

Where in the Bible are the 10 Commandments listed a second time?

The text of the Ten Commandments appears twice in the Hebrew Bible: at Exodus 20:2-17 and Deuteronomy 5:6-17. Modern scholarship has found likely influences in Hittite and Mesopotamian laws and treaties. Scholars disagree about when the Ten Commandments were recorded and by whom.

What is the difference between Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5?

The two versions are different. For example, Exodus states: Remember the sabbath day and keep it holy. … Exodus opens in chapter 20: “God spoke all these words, saying.” Deuteronomy 5 similarly states, “Face to face the LORD spoke to you on the mountain out of the fire.”

Who changed the Ten Commandments?

SamaritansSamaritans changed the original Ten Commandments Methodologically, he analyses them in their smallest linguistic details such as changed letters, syllables or repositioned text sections, and he elaborates variations from the two biblical versions of the Decalogue (Exodus 20:2-17 and Deuteronomy 5:6-21).

Did Moses get the 10 Commandments Twice?

Biblical description According to the biblical story, Moses departed to the mountain and stayed there for 40 days and nights in order to receive the Ten Commandments and he did so twice because he broke the first set of the tablets of stone after returning from the mountain for the first time.

Who changed the Sabbath to Sunday?

Emperor Constantine IOn March 7, 321, however, Roman Emperor Constantine I issued a civil decree making Sunday a day of rest from labor, stating: All judges and city people and the craftsmen shall rest upon the venerable day of the sun.

What does covet your neighbor’s wife mean?

In traditions that consider the passage a single commandment, the full text reads: You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. … This commandment forbids the desire for adultery. One commandment forbids stealing. This commandment forbids the desire for acquisition of another’s goods.

What does the 7th Commandment mean?

Thou shalt not commit adulteryThe Seventh Commandment of the Ten Commandments could refer to: “Thou shalt not commit adultery” under the Philonic division used by Hellenistic Jews, Greek Orthodox and Protestants except Lutherans, or the Talmudic division of the third-century Jewish Talmud.

What is the 10th Commandment in the Bible?

Different numberingCommandmentJewishYou shall not steal88You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor99You shall not covet your neighbor’s house1010You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife8 more rows

What are the two versions of the Ten Commandments?

The Bible actually contains two complete sets of the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:2-17 and Deut. 5:6-21). In addition, Leviticus 19 contains a partial set of the Ten Commandments (see verses 3-4, 11-13, 15-16, 30, 32), and Exodus 34:10-26 is sometimes considered a ritual decalogue.

Who wrote the Ten Commandments the second time?

MosesExodus 34:28 says the second set were written by Moses. According to traditional teachings of Judaism in the Talmud, they were made of blue sapphire stone as a symbolic reminder of the sky, the heavens, and ultimately of God’s throne.

Why did God give us the Ten Commandments Catholic?

They first appear in the Book of Exodus, according to which Moses, acting under the orders of God, freed the Israelites from physical slavery in Egypt. According to Church teaching, God offered a covenant—which included the Ten Commandments—to also free them from the “spiritual slavery” of sin.

Where is the Ark of the Covenant?

Whether it was destroyed, captured, or hidden–nobody knows. One of the most famous claims about the Ark’s whereabouts is that before the Babylonians sacked Jerusalem, it had found its way to Ethiopia, where it still resides in the town of Aksum, in the St. Mary of Zion cathedral.

What does the 9th commandment mean?

“Thou shalt not bear false witness” forbids: “1. Speaking falsely in any matter, lying, equivocating, and any way devising and designing to deceive our neighbor. 2. Speaking unjustly against our neighbor, to the prejudice of his reputation; and (which involves the guilty of both).

What is the fifth commandment?

noun. “Honor thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee”: fifth of the Ten Commandments.

Has the 10 Commandments been found?

Earliest known stone version of Ten Commandments sold for $850,000. … Described as a “national treasure” of Israel, the stone was first uncovered in 1913 during excavations for a railroad station near Yavneh in Israel and is the only intact tablet version of the Commandments thought to exist.

Who was the 10 commandments written for?

Dating the Ten Commandments involves an interpretation of their purpose. Some scholars propose a date between the 16th and 13th centuries bc because Exodus and Deuteronomy connect the Ten Commandments with Moses and the Sinai Covenant between Yahweh and Israel.

How many commandments are there?

613 commandmentsThe Jewish tradition that there are 613 commandments (Hebrew: תרי״ג מצוות‎, romanized: taryag mitzvot) or mitzvot in the Torah (also known as the Law of Moses) is first recorded in the 3rd century CE, when Rabbi Simlai mentioned it in a sermon that is recorded in Talmud Makkot 23b.

Where are the Ten Commandments kept?

Sinai DesertThe Ark of the Covenant is a chest that held tablets engraved with the Ten Commandments. According to the Hebrew Bible, the ark was constructed by the Israelites while they were camping out in the Sinai Desert, after they fled Egypt.

Are Christians bound by the 10 Commandments?

“2068 The Council of Trent teaches that the Ten Commandments are obligatory for Christians and that the justified man is still bound to keep them; the Second Vatican Council confirms: ‘The bishops, successors of the apostles, receive from the Lord … the mission of teaching all peoples, and of preaching the Gospel to …