- What is the radiation pattern of an antenna?
- How does a microstrip antenna work?
- What is antenna impedance?
- How can I increase the bandwidth of my microstrip antenna?
- Why substrate is used in antenna?
- Who invented microstrip antenna?
- Is a patch antenna directional?
- What are three types of antenna types?
- Why do we use 50 ohm impedance?
- What exactly is impedance?
- What is feed line in antenna?
- What is feeding techniques in antenna?
- Is a balun needed for a dipole antenna?
- How long is a dipole antenna?
- How do you feed a dipole antenna?
- Why we use fr4 substrate?
- Do dipole antennas need to be grounded?
- What is the principle of antenna?
What is the radiation pattern of an antenna?
In the field of antenna design the term radiation pattern (or antenna pattern or far-field pattern) refers to the directional (angular) dependence of the strength of the radio waves from the antenna or other source.
Other software, like HFSS can also compute the near field..
How does a microstrip antenna work?
It consists of a rectangular metal patch on a dielectric substrate and is excited by a voltage source across the metal patch and the bottom ground plane of the substrate. The microstrip antenna produces maximum radiation in the broadside direction (θ = 0), with ideally no radiation along the substrate edges (θ = 90°).
What is antenna impedance?
Impedance relates the voltage and current at the input to the antenna. The real part of the antenna impedance represents power that is either radiated away or absorbed within the antenna. The imaginary part of the impedance represents power that is stored in the near field of the antenna.
How can I increase the bandwidth of my microstrip antenna?
Several methods are defined in the literature to increase bandwidth of microstrip patch antennas: increasing the substrate height, lowering the dielectric constant , introducing a curved slot in the patch of the antenna and optimizing the gap between the patch and the partial ground plane .
Why substrate is used in antenna?
The substrate in microstrip antennas is principally needed for the mechanical support of the antenna. To provide this support, the substrate should consist of a dielectric material, which may affect the electrical performance of the antenna, circuits and transmission line.
Who invented microstrip antenna?
G.A. DeschampsThe microstrip antenna was first proposed by G.A. Deschamps in 1953, but didn’t become practical until the 1970s when it was developed further by researchers such as Robert E. Munson (now in our Microwave Hall of Fame!) and others using low-loss soft substrate materials that were just becoming available.
Is a patch antenna directional?
In a patch antenna, most of the propagation is above the ground plane and can have high directional gain.
What are three types of antenna types?
3.3. Types of Antennas. There are three main antenna categories available for wireless LANs: Omnidirectional, Semidirectional and Highly directional. Omnidirectional – Omnidirectional antennas are designed to radiate a signal in all directions.
Why do we use 50 ohm impedance?
For high power, the perfect impedance is 30 ohms. This means, clearly, that there is NO perfect impedance to do both. … At the compromise value of 50 ohms, the power has improved a little. So 50 ohm cables are intended to be used to carry power and voltage, like the output of a transmitter.
What exactly is impedance?
In electrical engineering, electrical impedance is the measure of the opposition that a circuit presents to a current when a voltage is applied. … Impedance is a complex number, with the same units as resistance, for which the SI unit is the ohm (Ω).
What is feed line in antenna?
In a radio antenna, the feed line (feedline), or feeder, is the cable or other transmission line that connects the antenna with the radio transmitter or receiver. In a transmitting antenna, it feeds the radio frequency (RF) current from the transmitter to the antenna, where it is radiated as radio waves.
What is feeding techniques in antenna?
A feedline is used to excite to radiate by direct or indirect contact. There are many different methods of feeding and four most popular methods are microstrip line feed, coaxial probe, aperture coupling and proximity coupling.
Is a balun needed for a dipole antenna?
Paul, a dipole does not *have* to have a balun. Having one may help prevent RF from coming down the line into the shack and may improve the radiation characteristics of the dipole, but I’ve run dipoles connected straight to coax without a problem. Put one up without a balun and see how it works for you.
How long is a dipole antenna?
When determining how long to make each leg of a Dipole antenna, dividing the frequency in MHz into 468 will give the overall length. To find the half wave, divide that number by two. This will give you the length of each leg of the antenna.
How do you feed a dipole antenna?
Feeding a dipole antenna. Ideally, a half-wave dipole should be fed using a balanced transmission line matching its typical 65–70 Ω input impedance.
Why we use fr4 substrate?
The material is known to retain its high mechanical values and electrical insulating qualities in both dry and humid conditions. These attributes, along with good fabrication characteristics, lend utility to this grade for a wide variety of electrical and mechanical applications.
Do dipole antennas need to be grounded?
If you use a “complete” antenna like a dipole or a ground plane (that is, one that doesn’t require your feedline to connect to ground), you don’t need a RF ground, as long as you keep common-mode currents off your feedline.
What is the principle of antenna?
Antennas are required by any radio receiver or transmitter to couple its electrical connection to the electromagnetic field. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves which carry signals through the air (or through space) at the speed of light with almost no transmission loss.