Question: What Are The Four Moral Virtues?

What makes a virtuous person?

A virtuous person is a person who acts virtuously.

A person acts virtuously if they “possess and live the virtues” A virtue is a moral characteristic that a person needs to live well..

What are the moral virtues?

The moral virtues are attitudes, and good habits that govern one’s actions, passions, and conduct according to reason; and are acquired by human effort. … The cardinal virtues are prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance.

Is kindness a virtue?

Kindness is a type of behaviour marked by acts of generosity, consideration, or concern for others, without having an expectation of praise or reward. It is considered a virtue and is recognized as a value in many cultures and religions (see ethics in religion).

What are examples of virtues?

“Virtues” are attitudes, dispositions, or character traits that enable us to be and to act in ways that develop this potential. They enable us to pursue the ideals we have adopted. Honesty, courage, compassion, generosity, fidelity, integrity, fairness, self-control, and prudence are all examples of virtues.

What are the 14 virtues?

Personal VirtuesAuctoritas–“Spiritual Authority”: The sense of one’s social standing, built up through experience, Pietas, and Industria.Comitas–“Humor”: Ease of manner, courtesy, openness, and friendliness.Clementia–“Mercy”: Mildness and gentleness.Dignitas–“Dignity”: A sense of self-worth, personal pride.More items…

What are bad virtues?

Typical virtues include courage, temperance, justice, prudence, fortitude, liberality, and truthfulness. Vices, by contrast, are negative character traits that we develop in response to the same emotions and urges. Typical vices include cowardice, insensibility, injustice, and vanity.

Is selflessness a virtue?

Selflessness is good, to the extend that selflessness is trying to help others. … Selflessness is even a cause worth living for, because there is no greater morality than helping people. But you can’t effectively help others without helping yourself meet a certain threshold first.

What are the 4 virtues of stoicism?

It is the virtuous use of indifferents that makes a life happy, the vicious use that makes it unhappy. The Stoics elaborated a detailed taxonomy of virtue, dividing virtue into four main types: wisdom, justice, courage, and moderation.

What are the 12 virtues?

Aristotle’s 12 virtues: Courage – bravery. Temperance – moderation. Liberality – spending. Magnificence – charisma, style. Magnanimity – generosity. Ambition – pride. Patience – temper, calm. Friendliness – social IQ.More items…•

What are natural virtues?

noun. (especially among the scholastics) any moral virtue of which humankind is capable, especially the cardinal virtues: justice, temperance, prudence, and fortitude.

What are the 3 most important virtues?

Adam Smith, in his important book The Theory of Moral Sentiments, wrote that excellent people have three primary virtues: prudence, justice, and benevolence, in that order. Each of them is essential to the others and to the living of a full life in society.

What is the best virtue?

25 Virtues Found in the Best of MenHONOR.COURAGE.COMPASSION.RESPECT.LOYALTY.HONESTY.PRUDENCE.GRACE.More items…•

What are the 10 virtues?

They are deep honesty, moral courage, moral vision, compassion and care, fairness, intellectual excellence, creative thinking, aesthetic sensitivity, good timing, and deep selflessness.

Is joy a virtue?

We suggest that joy is best conceptualized as a virtue, a psychological habit, comprised of characteristic adaptations and given meaning by transcendent narrative identity (McAdams & Pals, 2006). Thus joy involves knowing, feeling, and enacting what matters most.

What are the main virtues?

The four Cardinal Virtues: Prudence, Temperance, Courage and Justice. The Seven Heavenly Virtues: Faith, Hope, Charity, Fortitude, Justice, Temperance, Prudence.

What is the highest virtue?

Four Cardinal VirtuesPrudence, also known as practical wisdom, is the most important virtue for Aristotle. … Temperance, or self-control, simply means moderation.More items…